Jargon Buster

Education is full of jargon, nationally and in individual schools.  Here is a handy guide to some of the most frequently used jargon at Horsforth School.



9-1 Grades

These are the new GCSE grades that have replaced the old A*-G grades.  9 is the highest grade.  A grade 4 is roughly the equivalent of an old grade C; a grade 7 is roughly the equivalent of an old grade A


The Area Inclusion Partnership is a group with representatives from the Primary and Secondary schools in North-West Leeds to improve inclusion

Assessment without Levels

Assessments at Horsforth are now in 9-1 grades for Years 7 through to 11, using + and - to show where students are within each grade.  This is the system we have adopted in place of the old National Curriculum Levels, which are no longer used in primary or secondary schools


Attitude to Learning scores are awarded from 1-6, with 4 and above being the expectation we have of our students

Awarding Bodies

Another term for the Exam boards.  Typical ones we use include AQA, OCR, and Edexcel


B4L stands for Behaviour For Learning, which is our overall expectations for students in the classroom


Our school’s Behaviour Support Team.  These are professionals who do not teach but whose role is to work with young people and families to improve behaviour and tackle the issues which can affect students’ behaviour in school


Are the letters for the eight form groups in each year.  In the past they were divided into two 'sides' of the year on the timetable

CIR-common internal record

A record held and contributed to, by school and families-outlining the needs of the child and families


The Cluster is another term for Horsforth Children's Services, who provide a range of services to support children and families in our community


A child is classed as ‘Child Looked after’ if they are in foster care. If a child is adopted they are no longer classed as CLA.


Stands for ‘Challenge Task’  This is used on students’ work to give them a practical task to do in order to extend their learning, or help them to understand something they got wrong


The Government’s Department for Education, who govern schools, the curriculum and the exam system


The English Baccalaureate is a measure of school performance which takes into account the number of students who gain a grade 4/ grade C in English, maths, two sciences, a modern foreign language (French or Spanish) and a humanity subject (History or Geography)


Stands for ‘Even Better If.’ When work has been marked, teachers will use this to give students advice on ways they could have improved their work.


Education and health care plan. The new version of the old statement of SEND, This is a multi-agency document with regular review meetings, outlining the needs of the child. It supports them until the age of 25

EHP-Early Help plan

This has replaced the previous 'common assessment framework' (CAF) and is put in place to support students and families. This is usually led by someone in school or from the cluster.


At each Progress Review, we judge whether students are Exceeding, Meeting or Developing towards their targets


Further Education, typically college courses after GCSEs which are not A levels

Google Classroom

We are a Google School, meaning that all students have an unlimited Google Drive, access to a range of free online software including Docs, Sheets and Slides.  Teachers may also use Google Classroom as a way of sharing resources and setting and marking work

Growth Mindsets

This is a current issue in education internationally, based on the work of Psychologist Carol Dwek, whose work suggests the ways achievement can be boosted by improved self-belief

G and S-Guidance and support

Students can be referred to G and S-which is part of the cluster, led and managed by HCS, who can provide family support, counselling etc.

HCS-Horsforth Children’s services

Horsforth School has access to Horsforth Children’s services, sometimes referred to as ‘The Cluster’. They can provide us with support for students and also families, we make referrals on a monthly basis


Higher Education, typically degree courses or equivalents after A level or other equivalent level courses

The Hub

The Hub is our main pastoral office in school


IEPs are 'Individual Education Plans' which are put into place, especially for students with SEND


Key Stage 3: Years 7, 8 and 9


Key Stage 4: Years 10 and 11 when students do GCSEs


Minimum Target Grade - these are targets that we set for students to aim for in order to make good progress


Our Key Support Group meet in school to help students who need some support, or intervention.  Referrals often come through staff who are concerned about a student


The group that is responsible for ensuring that all exams in the country meet shared standards


The group who have responsibility for inspecting school to ensure they are meeting standards

PA-persistent absentee

A student is classed as a persistent absentee if their attendance falls below 90%

PIP-personal improvement plan

Pupil improvement plan is a plan devised by the pastoral leader to outline targets for the student to aim for-these can be behavioural, academic, attendance related etc.


PB stands for our Positive Behaviour system, which has clear rules, sanctions and rewards

Progress 8

Progress is what is measured nationally as the improvement students make from their KS2 tests to their GCSEs.  Progress 8 is a score given to the school to show how the progress our students make in 8 GCSE compares to the progress made by all other students in the same year group.  A score of 0.00 means that our students do as well as similar students nationally

Progress Review

Up to five times a year for each year group, we gather information on students’ grades, and the EMD and ATL judgements of their teachers.  We feed this information back to students and their parents and use the information to give extra help to those who need it

Pupil Premium

The Pupil Premium is additional funding the school receives to support students who are on Free School Meals or who have received them within the last six years.  We also receive other similar funding for the children of armed service personnel, children who have been adopted from care.  We also get some funding for students who were not working at expected levels at the end of primary school while they are in Year 7


We have two reception desks in school: Visitors' Reception is at the front doors.  Student Reception has moved this year and is now in the entrance hall after the main doors.  If you need to come to school for any reason, you should come to Visitors' Reception

Red Kite

The Red Kite Alliance is a group of schools who work together to provide teacher training and to support other schools.  The group is led by Harrogate Grammar School, and we are an important contributor to the group’s work


Standards for Learning at Post-16 are our expectations for students conduct and work


SEMH means Social, Emotional and Mental Health


SEND refers to students with Special Educational Needs and/or Disability.  They are students who need something additional to or different from other students in order to access the curriculum. Students may just receive additional support or they may have an Education and Health Care Plan (EHCP)

SMART Target

A short-term target which students are given when marked ‘D’ for developing at Progress Review, to help them get back on track. These also feature on your son/daughter’s school report


The modern term for an exam syllabus: the documents which detail what should be taught and what assessments will be used for each different subject at GCSE and A level

Technical Awards

A more practical alternative to a GCSE, which is more focused on practical skills for work and has a greater degree of coursework than GCSE exams.  They are assessed using Distinction, Merit and Pass rather than the 1-9 GCSE grades


Used on students work to tell them ‘What Went Well’